non-Aryans were stripped of their German citizenship. The result was convictions of 1,426 people; 297 of these were sentenced to death and 279 to life in prison, with the remainder receiving lesser sentences. By early 1941, Germany controlled much of Europe. In 1931, Himmler organised an SS intelligence service which became known as the Sicherheitsdienst (SD; Security Service) under his deputy, Heydrich. The Third Reich in Power. How Green Were the Nazis?: Nature, Environment, and Nation in the Third Reich. Several areas, such as Alsace-Lorraine, were placed under the authority of an adjacent Gau (regional district). Some 6,500 modern works of art were removed from museums and replaced with works chosen by a Nazi jury. Successive Reichsstatthalter decrees between 19bolished the existing Länder ( constituent states ) of Germany and replaced them with new administrative divisions, the Gaue, governed by nsdap leaders ( Gauleiters ). "24-34 Hennessy Road Redevelopment". In January 1943, Hitler signed a decree requiring all women under the age of fifty to report for work assignments to help the war effort. New York; Toronto: Penguin.