and Practice of Leadership. The party used propaganda to develop a cult of personality around Hitler. Background Further information: Adolf Hitler's rise to power Germany was known as the Weimar Republic during the years 1919 to 1933. The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service, passed in April, removed from their jobs all teachers, professors, judges, magistrates, and government officials who were Jewish or whose commitment to the party was suspect. The Reaction of the Churches in Nazi Occupied Europe. Betrayal: German Churches and the Holocaust. Retrieved 16 February 2019. This holding company owned housing corporations, factories, and publishing houses.