From 1935 onward, the SS spearheaded the persecution of Jews, who were rounded up into ghettos and concentration camps. A study by German historian Rüdiger Overmans puts the number of German military dead and missing.3 million, including 900,000 men conscripted from outside of Germany's 1937 borders. First-hand accounts and propaganda about the uncivilised behaviour of the advancing Soviet troops caused panic among civilians on the Eastern Front, especially women, who feared being raped. Though the measures led to increases in the birth rate, the number of families having four or more children declined by five percent between 19Removing women from the workforce did not have the intended effect of freeing. He expected this time they would be met by force. All legislation proposed by cabinet ministers had to be approved by the office of Deputy Führer Rudolf Hess, who could also veto top civil service appointments. Hitler decreed that the army would have to tolerate and even offer logistical support to the Einsatzgruppen the mobile death squads responsible for millions of deaths in Eastern Europewhen it was tactically possible to. Initially a small bodyguard unit under the auspices of the SA, the Schutzstaffel (SS; Protection Squadron) grew to become one of the largest and most powerful groups in Nazi Germany. "Genocide of European Roma (Gypsies 19391945". National Socialist Cultural Policy. Klemperer, Klemens von (1992). Cities would be razed and the land allowed to return to forest or resettled by German colonists. By late 1942, there were 24 divisions from Romania on the Eastern Front, 10 from Italy, and 10 from Hungary. Schacht's administration achieved a rapid decline in the unemployment rate, the largest of any country during the Great Depression. Dachau 19331945: The Official History. The official name of the state was. An Honourable Defeat: A History of the German Resistance to Hitler. Journal of Modern History. Law Further information: Law in Nazi Germany Chart showing the pseudo-scientific racial divisions used in the racial policies of Nazi Germany In August 1934, civil servants and members of the military were required to swear an oath of unconditional obedience to Hitler. Frequent and often contradictory directives were issued by Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick, Bernhard Rust of the Reich Ministry of Science, Education and Culture, and other agencies regarding content of lessons and acceptable textbooks for use in primary and secondary schools. The German Condor Legion included a range of aircraft and their crews, as well as a tank contingent. Holy Roman Empire (8001806) and the, german Empire (18711918). Government agencies also worked to control other carcinogenic substances such as asbestos and pesticides. By the end of 1942, the stringent selection and racial requirements that had initially been in place were no longer followed. Leni Riefenstahl 's Triumph of the Will (1935)documenting the 1934 Nuremberg Rallyand Olympia (1938)covering the 1936 Summer Olympics pioneered techniques of camera movement and editing that influenced later films. People who were convicted of three or more offenceseven petty onescould be deemed habitual offenders and jailed indefinitely. Bulgaria signed the pact on 17 November. As well as taking control of tens of thousands of privately run recreational clubs, it offered highly regimented holidays and entertainment such as cruises, vacation destinations and concerts. Beyer, John.; Schneider, Stephen. Tauber Institute for the Study of European Jewry series. Göring, having stripped almost all of occupied Poland of its artworks within six months of Germany's invasion, ultimately grew a collection valued at over 50 million Reichsmarks. Role of women and family Further information: Women in Nazi Germany Women were a cornerstone of Nazi social policy. A supplementary decree issued in November defined as Jewish anyone with three Jewish grandparents, or two grandparents if the Jewish faith was followed. Lanham, MD: Rowman Littlefield.