to limbo, although this is not an official dogma of the church. The church believes that it is continually guided by the Holy Spirit as it discerns new theological issues and is protected infallibly from falling into doctrinal error when a firm decision on an issue is reached. The Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of education and medical services in the world. 293 Emperor Justinian, who in the areas under his control definitively established a form of caesaropapism, 294 in which "he had the right and duty of regulating by his laws the minutest details of worship and discipline, and also. 242 In addition, marriages among unbaptised individuals may be dissolved with papal permission under certain situations, such as a desire to marry a Catholic, under Pauline or Petrine privilege. After the war, freedom of religion was severely restricted in the Communist countries newly aligned with the Soviet Union, several of which had large Catholic populations. It is described as "the source and summit of the Christian life". They must be accepted with respect, compassion, and sensitivity. Note: The Pew methodology produced an estimated world Catholic population.1 Billion in 2010. 39 The Holy See also confers orders, decorations and medals, such as the orders of chivalry originating from the Middle Ages. The church eventually became the dominant influence in Western civilisation into the modern age. Catholic women had used contraceptives at some point in their lives and that 72 of Catholics believed that one could be a good Catholic without obeying the church's teaching on birth control. 26 "Roman Catholic" has occasionally appeared also in documents produced both by the Holy See, note 3 notably applied to certain national episcopal conferences, and local dioceses. Archived from the original on Retrieved 2 July 1 maint: Archived copy as title ( link ) "Roman Catholic,.